Many readers have heard me harp on this issue during professional development events: grades that reflect anything other than the actual achievement of the student are a lie. Dishonesty should play no role in teaching. If meeting the objective is an A, then a school must declare a B to be a failing grade. Failing to meet the objective is failing (not a B!), and merely meeting the objective earns a C. A grade higher than that should represent achievement surpassing the objective. This issue of grading dishonesty extends beyond the elementary and secondary levels. Read this article, and then commit to full integrity in assessment and grading.
Okay, off the soapbox! The series on writing instruction will continue in the next posting.